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Psychology and Computers

Some see psychology and computers as two distinct fields that have little in common. The general consensus is that computer science is a field that has strong research culture that is based on quantitative research while psychology is rooted in qualitative studies of human behavior and perception.

However the majority of modern computer science is influenced by psychology. Computer scientists and psychologists collaborate closely to create technology interfaces. This includes everything from car dashboards to cockpits as well as computer operating systems and game controllers. A significant portion of psychological research requires sophisticated software to process massive data sets.

Psychologists are also increasingly utilizing technology to broaden their reach. The traditional methods for experimentation of psychology — studying the behavior of a specific individual in a very controlled setting, or assessing broader behavioral patterns by means of self-report surveys and interviews — are prone to limitations (experiments are limited to a single experiment; longitudinal research is not common advice because of the difficultness of collecting and analyzing large quantities of data).

Computer technology has opened new avenues for understanding individuals behaviours. Computers are vital to the brain-imaging technology fMRI. Researchers can connect certain brain regions to cognitive processes such as reading or memory. EEG (electroencephalography) is another example of a technology that uses computer processing to record and analyze brain activity.

CCBT is now recognized by the UK’s National Health Service as an effective treatment for mild to moderate depression and anxiety. Artificial intelligence (AI) is set to transform the practice of psychotherapy by replacing therapists with robots able to examine and treat patients on the internet.

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